Horseshoe Housing Estate
The Horseshoe Housing Estate is one of Bruno Taut’s pioneering large-scale social housing projects. Working together with Martin Wagner, Berlin’s planning director at the time, he designed nearly 2000 apartments built between 1925 and 1930 on the site of the former Britz manor in the Neukölln district of Berlin. The housing estate got its name from the unusual shape of its main building.
After the end of the First World War, Berlin suffered from a housing crisis, as living in dark tenements was no longer acceptable. The solution was to build large housing estates at relatively low cost, and thus a new form of housing developed during the Weimar Republic in the form of social housing projects. The aim was to offer affordable dwellings with private bathrooms and gardens while also promoting the notion of community. The Horseshoe Estate in Britz is one of six outstanding ensembles that were jointly listed in 2008 on the UNESCO World Heritage List as the “Berlin Modernism Housing Estates”.